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Tag: aba therapy techniques

Response Class v. Behavior Repertoire (ABA Terms Defined) (BCBA Exam Prep)

Response Class v. Behavior Repertoire  Response class and behavior repertoire are two terms that may appear on your board certified applied behavior analysis (BCBA) qualification exam. They are simple yet often overlooked terms.  Response Class Response class refers to all the behaviors that serve the same function. This is regardless of whether they are perceived to be “good” or “bad.” …

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Properties of a Behavior Which Can Be Measured (BCBA Exam Prep)

What is a behavior? A behavior refers to any interaction between an organism and its environment that changes the environment in some way. For example: Clapping your hands, walking, making dinner, ordering a pizza, sleeping, sneezing.  Anything that a dead person could not do is a behavior.  An inanimate object cannot engage in a behavior. For example, a paper blowing…

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Understanding Baseline Logic and Baseline Data Path Patterns (ABA Terms and Definitions) (BCBA Exam Prep)

Why Conduct Baseline Probes The purpose for conducting baseline probes is to establish a control in an experiment. In order to know whether or not an intervention (independent variable) changed a behavior (dependent variable) you would need a reference as to how often the behavior occurs prior to starting an intervention.   You can learn some other very important things when…

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Features of Behavior and Behavior Assumptions in ABA

Applied behavior analysts seek to change socially relevant behavior by manipulating the environment to make a behavior occur more or less often.    To do so, applied behavior analysts require two features of a behavior and make two assumptions about a behavior. Features: Behavior is individual In applied behavior analysis (ABA) a feature of behavior is that ALL behavior is individual.…

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Experimental control/ Internal Validity/Confounding Variables (ABA Terms) (BCBA Exam Prep)

Experimental control is the degree to which the same intervention can be shown to have a predictable effect on behavior. The point of experimental control is to demonstrate a functional relationship between a behavior (dependent variable) and intervention (independent variable).  In applied behavior analysis, (ABA) behaviorists are constantly validating that interventions work by analysis and experimentation. If a behavior change…

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Behavior Chain and Chaining (ABA terms) (BCBA Exam Prep)

In this brief article, we will define a behavior chain and explore chaining as a teaching procedure. Behavior Chain  A behavior chain is a series of discrete behaviors that are linked together to produce end results. All steps are a discriminative stimulus (sd) for the next behavior in the chain and a conditioned reinforcer for the previous behavior in the…

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What is Positive and Negative Punishment? (ABA Terms) (BCBA Exam Prep)

When a person thinks about punishment, they often think about one person doing something “bad” or “aversive” to another person as a negative consequence for what they did. That is not how punishment is defined in applied behavior analysis (ABA). Punishment is when a behavior results in a consequence that makes it less likely to occur again.  For example, if…

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What is a Contingency Contract? (ABA Terms) (BCBA Exam Prep)

 In this brief blog article, we will define a contingency contract and provide examples.  A contingency contract is a written agreement between two people that specifies a behavior that one person agrees to engage in and a reward that another person agrees to give as a result.  When Should You Use a Contingency Contact? You should use a contingency contract…

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What is a superstitious behavior? (ABA Terms) (BCBA Exam Prep)

A superstitious behavior is developed when a behavior is inadvertently reinforced by a behavior that precedes it. In Skinner’s example, pigeons were provided with non-contingent reinforcement in the form of bird seed every fifteen seconds and they developed idiosyncratic behaviors because they the bird seed inadvertently reinforced whatever behavior the pigeon was engaging in prior to getting the food.  Most…

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Accuracy, Validity & Reliability (BCBA Exam Prep) (ABA Terms)

In this brief blog article, we will examine the difference between accuracy, reliability and validity. This article is useful for registered behavior technicians (RBT) or students who are studying to become board certified behavior analysts (BCBAs). Understanding (Applied Behavior Analysis) ABA terms is critical for both being an effective ABA therapist and passing your BCBA exam. In an effort to…

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